CRI 100/Introduction to Criminology
(formerly Justice and Social Control) 1 course unit
Students will explore the historic need in societies to shape and control the behavior of their members so that they conform to established group norms. The course will examine the complex interaction between factors such as culture, law, power and equity that contribute to the maintenance of social order. It will address the development of legal systems from the social science perspectives of anthropology (primitive law) and sociology (sociology of law); investigate the nature of normative social control (sociological theory relative to conformity, conflict and power); and explore, in both a historical and contemporary vein, the development and maturation of formal justice systems (enforcement, adjudication and corrections) which act coercively against rule violators.
CRI 200/Policing Civil Societies 1 course unit
Traces the development of modern-day policing in civil societies from the 18th century through modern times. At the core of this course is the study of the interplay between citizens and the police. It is at this juncture, where citizens and the police interact, that misunderstandings develop, relationships are formed, problems are solved and future plans are designed. This course also considers the problems that police face due to misunderstandings of their role including corruption and other forms of deviance. Moreover, the course considers theories of modern police practice and reform efforts as well as the development and construction of police ethics.
(formerly Courts and Judicial Process) 1 course unit
This course will explore the history of American jurisprudence by critically examining the history of courts, the rule of law and the social contract. Court systems at the federal, state, and local levels will be examined. Indeterminate and determinate sentencing models will be examined. Students will learn how a case progresses through the court system and how the courtroom workgroup operates. Finally, students will learn how to research seminal United States Supreme Court cases.
CRI 202/Penology 1 course unit
(formerly History and Philosophy of Corrections)
This course examines the competing rationales of punishment. It traces how the concept of punishment has evolved over time from ancient forms of punishment to present day incarceration. Special topics such as female inmates will be explored. Amendments to the United States Constitution and decisions from the United States Supreme Court relevant to correctional issues will be carefully examined. Finally, there will also be an exploration of the various forms of community corrections (e.g., probation, parole, residential programs, day reporting centers, etc.) and how they fit into a correctional continuum and the issues surrounding the use of the community corrections resources.
CRI 203/Applied Criminal Procedure 1 course unit
Students will clearly understand the importance of individual rights and liberties as established by the Federal Bill of Rights. Special and specific attention will be directed to the rights of those accused of the commission of a crime in the state and criminal justice systems of this country. Emphasis will initially be placed on the strong presumption of innocence until proven guilty in a court of law in the American system of justice. Through a comprehensive reading of court decisions, students see both sides of a particular issue, the impact of a decision and the many players in the criminal justice system. Students will understand that the Bill of Rights protects every individual from arbitrary and capricious conduct of the government as we live our daily lives.
CRI 205/Criminology 1 course unit
This course provides a general introduction to the study of criminal behavior from an interdisciplinary perspective. The history of criminology as a discipline will be examined. Criminological theories of crime and criminality from classical theories to modern developmental theories will be carefully examined. Students will learn to review and interpret various data sources from the Uniform Crime Reports, the National Crime Victimization Survey, and self-reports.
CRI 210/Principles of Forensic Science 1 course unit
An overview of the process of criminal investigations and the scientific and technical methods used to analyze evidence. The focus is on recognition, collection, preservation and analysis of physical evidence. Students will be presented with various criminalistics techniques utilized in the analysis of evidence from a non-science major perspective with the presumption that students do not have technical backgrounds (i.e., chemistry, biology and/or physics).
CRI 215/Data Management and Analysis 1 course unit
Prerequisites: STA 115 (with C+ or better); STA 215 (with C or better)
The ability to manage, transform and analyze data is critical to those seeking advanced study in the social sciences, those aspiring to work in governmental agencies such as the Federal Bureau of Investigation, and even those seeking employment in local law enforcement. This course provides the student with ability to manage, transform and analyze large data sets like those found in governmental agencies. SAS/STAT is one of the most powerful software programs available to manage, transform and analyze data. SAS/STAT will be used exclusively in this course. SAS/IML (Interactive Matrix Language) will also be used so that students learn to write the statistical routines used to generate various statistical tests via procedure statements in SAS/STAT.
CRI 256/Women in the Criminal Justice System 1 course unit
This course offers an understanding of the treatment of women as professionals, litigants, victims, and offenders in the justice system. It examines what happens to women in the criminal justice system, how that is related to issues of social inequality, and what alternatives are available using a social justice framework. Because any discussion of women, crime, and justice must acknowledge both the diversity of women and the diversity of crimes and conditions under which they are made and enforced, the course will look at all issues through a constantly developing and changing/race/class/gender/sexual orientation perspectives.
CRI 300/Criminal Law and Procedure 1 course unit
This course examines the nature, purpose, and function, and substance of criminal law and criminal procedure in the United States. Specific focus is placed on the constitutional limits of the criminal sanction, the principles and scope of criminal responsibility, and elements of an offense. Attention will also be paid to the rights of the accused and the application of protections afforded to individuals under the United States Constitution.
CRI 304/Victimology 1 course unit
The discipline of victimology has developed quite recently out of the social sciences of sociology and criminology. In historic terms, concern for the victim has been a major consideration in society. This course explores topics such as developmental victimology, correlates of becoming a victim of various crimes, and the emergence of victims’ rights at the state and federal levels.
CRI 305/Criminology and Mental Health 1 course unit
This course offers an examination of the intersection of the mentally ill and the criminal justice system. The course will explore how law enforcement interacts with the mentally ill and the challenges that are presented to local communities in holding the mentally ill in jail and how to divert the mentally ill from jail into case management. The issues pertaining to the mentally ill offender incarcerated within state prison systems will also be examined. The confluence of mental disorders and substance abuse issues will also be examined. Finally, the balance between the protection of the public and the welfare of the mentally ill offender will be considered.
CRI 306/Research Methods 1 course unit
Prerequisites: STA 115 (with C+ or better; CRI 215 (with C or better)
This course focuses on principles of research methodology in the social sciences. Elements of research design including unit(s) of analysis, measurement, sampling, survey construction, survey methodology, and data collection will be covered. Pre-experimental, quasi-experimental, and experimental designs are evaluated with respect to structure, implementation, and threats to validity. Finally, students will be expected to critically evaluate published social science research in peer-reviewed journals.
CRI 340/International Terrorism 1 course unit
Prerequisite: CRI 205
This course will utilize an interdisciplinary approach to explore terrorism, with an emphasis on criminological theories. Both domestic and international extremism and terrorism will be examined historically, sociologically, and psychologically. Concepts that will be incorporated into the discussion include the influence of law and culture, the country’s historical response to radical social movements, and the influence of media coverage. In addition, we will consider current efforts to investigate and prevent terrorism. The effects of the current “war on terror” will be analyzed within the framework of the United States’ wars on poverty and drugs.
CRI 350/Advanced Criminology: Juvenile Delinquency and Justice 1 course unit
Prerequisite: CRI 205
This course is designed to introduce students into an area of criminology that deals with a special population of offenders: juveniles. Students will gain an understanding of the history of juvenile justice in the United States. Evidence-based delinquency programs will be evaluated. Students will develop an understanding about specific substantive juvenile justice policy issues including waiver, detention reform, gangs and the intersection of mental health and juvenile justice systems. Finally, students will develop an understanding of major case law in the field of juvenile justice.
CRI 351/Advanced Criminology: Comparative Criminology 1 course unit
Prerequisite: CRI 205
The comparative analysis of law, crime, and justice in Western and non-Western societies. Attention will focus on crime trends in the postwar period and linkages with the socio-economic structure, culture, lifestyles, routine activities, the physical environment, and the “web of opportunity for crime.” Implication for theory construction and public policy will be drawn.
CRI 352/Advanced Criminology: Race and Crime 1 course unit
(same as AAS 353)
Prerequisite: CRI 205
This course is a critical examination of the linkage between race and crime in America. The course will focus on four major areas: race and the law, race and criminological theory, race and violent crime, and myths and facts about race and crime. Through critical examination of readings and official statistics, students will come to understand the complexity of the relationship between race and crime within the American Criminal Justice System and broader social context.
CRI 370/Special Topics in Criminology 1 course unit
Prerequisite: CRI 205
The Department of Criminology seeks to shape students who become informed citizens able to analyze critically and problem solve justice related issues with a genuine concern for social responsibility, fairness and equity. To that end, the department offers coursework that is current and relevant to today’s society. For example, an important current issue in today’s society is the changing landscape of urban life and the resulting proliferation of street gangs. To bring this issue into the classroom, the department will, on occasion, offer topics courses that address pertinent social issues related to crime such as “Gangs in America: Past and Present.”
CRI 390/Research Course in Criminology 1 course unit
Prerequisites: CRI 306 or by permission of the department chair
This course is designed to provide criminology students with an intense, directed research experience. A small group of students will collaborate with a professor on a research project. Elements of research methods, data management and statistical analysis, and report writing will be covered. A research paper will be produced as the final assignment.
CRI 391/Independent Study in Criminology variable course units
Prerequisites: Criminology students
For advanced students wishing to pursue a special area of interest in law and justice. Students develop a proposal around a sophisticated research design including problems definition, hypotheses, methodology, etc. to complete a comprehensive study. Topic and research design developed in consultation with a faulty adviser.
CRI 399/Internship in Criminology variable course units
(by arrangement/may be repeated for credit)
CRI 401/The Washington Center 2 course units
Prerequisite: CRI 300
The Washington Semester Program affords students the opportunity to pursue internships, course work, and enrichment activities during a semester in the Washington, D.C. area. Programs are provided by the Washington Center and the Washington Internship Institute but the student earns TCNJ credit for the semester.
CRI 498/Senior Capstone in Policy Analysis 1 course unit
Prerequisite: CRI 306 with a grade of C+ or better
This course will provide the student with the ability to critically examine, assess and analyze criminal justice policy alternatives. Students will be expected to formulate policy options and craft policy proposals that present a thoughtful, cogent and reasoned rationale for the option being recommended. Students will learn the tools to persuasively present policy proposals. Various sentencing policy changes that have affected correctional populations in the United States such as drug policies will be explored. Finally, students will learn how to conduct cost-benefit analyses and return on investment calculations.